Gambling addiction is a real and legitimate addiction
Addictive drugs and gambling rewire neural pathways in the same ways
A lot of people think gambling addiction is not a real (or very serious) addiction because it doesn’t involve substances and some of the physical symptoms aren't as obvious. Neuroscientists have now learned that both gambling and using drugs, like cocaine, alter many of the same brain circuits in similar ways.
“I don’t think people view gambling addiction as seriously as they would an alcohol or drug addiction”
Problem gambling is now categorised as an addiction in the psychiatric literature DSM5, in the same section as drug and alcohol addictions.
Poker machines in particular cultivate addiction by teaching the brain to associate the sounds and flashing lights that are displayed when you “win” - with pleasure. And because the pattern of wins, or rewards, is random, the “reinforcement” of the link between the stimuli and pleasure is much stronger than if it was predicted.
“Hmm...I can also liken it to when I was doing drugs too often. The perfect answer is ‘absolutely, I’d love to never do it again.“
The opposite of addiction is human connection
Many scientists and writers are now proposing that the opposite of addiction is human connection. It is suggested that there a fundamental problem with our modern society is that we are becoming increasingly disconnected from each other. It is believed addiction often happens when we try to fill a (connection) need that is not being met. It is suggested that if we can build a system that helps people with addictions to reconnect with other people and the world around them, this can help. A great video explaining this concept can be found here:
Addiction. By Kurzgesag
“Something has gone badly wrong with our culture. We’ve created a culture where really large number of the people around us can’t bear to be present in their daily lives.”
Stopping is not always easy
Those who face gambling addiction do not find stopping gambling all that easy. Many people struggle to control their gambling, often trying many times to stop before being successful, and despite wanting to stop. Like with other types of addiction, some people can continue to remain vulnerable to problems with gambling in the future, especially without support.
“Even if you win, you just keep gambling…”
“Sometimes he said he didn’t even know he was sitting there gambling. Sometimes he can be quite sensible and other times not.”
Gambling addiction affects young Australians
Up until very recently, young people weren't exposed to gambling as much as they are now, there are more poker machines, and placing a bet is much easier to do. Most people have a smartphone, which lets you bet anywhere, anytime. Additionally, a lot of advertising targets young people, especially online and on social media, as well as on personal devices (e.g. text messages).
“I didn’t realise he was betting the entire day on his phone. I just thought he was texting.”
This all makes gambling seem like the normal, acceptable thing to do
“I would borrow money from my mum, saying I needed $10 for milk, and then gamble with that money that I borrowed. I wasn’t earning much, but the amount I realised I put through was a lot. I think I gambled about $40 000.”
References and links:
- Gambling addiction and the brain, http://www.brainfacts.org/diseases-disorders/addiction/articles/2015/gambling-addiction-and-the-brain/
- Gambling Addiction in Australia: Highest Percentage of Gamblers in the World http://www.thecabinsydney.com.au/gambling-addiction-in-australia-highest-percentage-of-gamblers-in-the-world/